Stock call option loss
An option is a contract giving the buyer the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset a stock or index at a specific price on or before a certain date listed options are all for shares of the particular underlying asset. An option is a security, just like a stock or bond, and constitutes a binding contract with strictly defined terms and properties.
For most casual investors, that definition may as well be written in ancient Greek. There are only two kinds of options: Then you can either keep the shares which you obtained at a bargain price or sell them for a profit. But what happens if the price of the stock goes down, rather than up? You let the call option expire and your loss is limited to the cost of the premium.
When you hold put options, you want the stock price to drop below the strike price. If it does, the seller of the put will have to buy shares from you at the strike price, which will be higher than the market price. Because you can force the seller of the option to buy your shares at a price above market value, the put option is like an insurance policy against your shares losing too much value. After this position is established, an ongoing maintenance margin requirement may apply.
That means depending on how the underlying performs, an increase or decrease in the required margin is possible. Keep in mind this requirement is subject to change and is on a per-contract basis. For this strategy, time decay is your friend. You want the price of the option you sold to approach zero.
That means if you choose to close your position prior to expiration, it will be less expensive to buy it back. After the strategy is established, you want implied volatility to decrease. That will decrease the price of the option you sold, so if you choose to close your position prior to expiration it will be less expensive to do so. Options involve risk and are not suitable for all investors.
For more information, please review the Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options brochure before you begin trading options. Options investors may lose the entire amount of their investment in a relatively short period of time.
Multiple leg options strategies involve additional risks , and may result in complex tax treatments. Please consult a tax professional prior to implementing these strategies.
Implied volatility represents the consensus of the marketplace as to the future level of stock price volatility or the probability of reaching a specific price point. The Greeks represent the consensus of the marketplace as to how the option will react to changes in certain variables associated with the pricing of an option contract. There is no guarantee that the forecasts of implied volatility or the Greeks will be correct.
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Content, research, tools, and stock or option symbols are for educational and illustrative purposes only and do not imply a recommendation or solicitation to buy or sell a particular security or to engage in any particular investment strategy.
The projections or other information regarding the likelihood of various investment outcomes are hypothetical in nature, are not guaranteed for accuracy or completeness, do not reflect actual investment results and are not guarantees of future results. All investments involve risk, losses may exceed the principal invested, and the past performance of a security, industry, sector, market, or financial product does not guarantee future results or returns.
The Options Playbook Featuring 40 options strategies for bulls, bears, rookies, all-stars and everyone in between. The Strategy Selling the call obligates you to sell stock at strike price A if the option is assigned. Options Guy's Tips You may wish to consider ensuring that strike A is around one standard deviation out-of-the-money at initiation.